Effects of hand configuration on the grasping, holding and placement of an instrumented object in patients with hemiparesis (bibtex)
by , , , , ,
Bibtex Entry:
  author    = {Parry, R and Macias S, S and Pradat-Diehl, P and Marchand-Pauvert, V and Jarrassé, N and Roby-Brami, A},
  journal   = {Frontiers in Neurology},
  title     = {Effects of hand configuration on the grasping, holding and placement of an instrumented object in patients with hemiparesis},
  year      = {2019},
  pages     = {240},
  volume    = {10},
  abstract  = {Limitations with manual dexterity are an important problem for patients suffering from hemiparesis post stroke. Sensorimotor deficits, compensatory strategies and the use of alternative grasping configurations may influence the efficiency of prehensile motor behavior. The aim of the present study is to examine how different grasp configurations affect patient ability to regulate both grip forces and object orientation when lifting, holding and placing an object.
Twelve stroke patients with mild to moderate hemiparesis were recruited. Each was required to lift, hold and replace an instrumented object. Four different grasp configurations were tested on both the hemiparetic and less affected arms. Load cells from each of the 6 faces of the instrumented object and an integrated inertial measurement unit were used to extract data regarding the timing of unloading/loading phases, regulation of grip forces, and object orientation throughout the task.
Grip forces were greatest when using a palmar-digital grasp and lowest when using a top grasp. The time delay between peak acceleration and maximum grip force was also greatest for palmar-digital grasp and lowest for the top grasp. Use of the hemiparetic arm was associated with increased duration of the unloading phase and greater difficulty with maintaining the vertical orientation of the object at the transitions to object lifting and object placement. The occurrence of touch and push errors at the onset of grasp varied according to both grasp configuration and use of the hemiparetic arm.
Stroke patients exhibit impairments in the scale and temporal precision of grip force adjustments and reduced ability to maintain object orientation with various grasp configurations using the hemiparetic arm. Nonetheless, the timing and magnitude of grip force adjustments may be facilitated using a top grasp configuration. Conversely, whole hand prehension strategies compound difficulties with grip force scaling and inhibit the synchrony of grasp onset and object release.},
  category  = {ACLI},
  crac      = {y},
  doi       = {10.3389/fneur.2019.00240},
  file      = {:http\://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02086396/document:PDF;:http\://www.n-jarrasse.fr/publis_medias/2019ACLI4706.jpg:JPG image},
  hal       = {y},
  hal_id    = {hal-02086396},
  publisher = {Frontiers},
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